Laboratory of Marine Ecological Environment Early Warning and Monitoring

introduction

The Laboratory of Marine Ecological Environment Early Warning and Monitoring is established based on the former Laboratories of Environmental Monitoring and Marine Radiation Technology and Environmental Safety Assessment. Its predecessors are the Marine Chemistry Research Office, which was established in January 1960 as one of the earliest research laboratories of our institute, as well as the Radionuclide and Marine Radiation Ecology Research Group, which were established in 1962 and 1974, respectively and were the first to engage in marine radioactivity research in China As the supporting department of the National Marine Nuclear Emergency Monitoring and Rescue Technical Support Center, it has established long-term and sound cooperative relations with international organizations, such as the International Atomic Energy Agency and major nuclear-utilizing countries in Europe and the United States. It is the domestic marine radioactivity expert unit, successfully hosting the IAEA in the Asia-Pacific region marine radioactivity monitoring technical training class. The laboratory focuses mainly on the status distribution characteristics, fate and transport, impact mechanisms of biogenic materials in marine environment. We aim (1) to explore the pollution characteristics, environmental behaviors, and ecological effects and mechanisms of emerging contaminants, including radioactive contamination, prioritized organic pollutants, heavy metal, microplastics, environmental hormones, and biomarkers; (2) to develop technologies for monitoring and testing of relevant pollutants, pollution source analysis, and ecological risk assessment, providing technical support for marine ecological environment baseline and ecological monitoring and early warning. There are 30 researchers, including 5 professors, 8 associate professors and senior engineers, and 14 doctoral degree holders.

The laboratory has been certified by the ISO-9000 quality management system (CNAS) and the national laboratory accreditation (CMA), owning the qualification and capability of marine chemical elements and radionuclide testing. In recent years, the laboratory has hosted and participated in a number of national and local marine survey and research projects, including: the Special Program on global change and the role of the sea and the atmosphere, the Basic Investigation Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Compilation of Historical Marine Scientific Investigation Data System for the South China Sea and its affiliated islands and reefs,  China Open Ocean Science Expedition Project 45th, 48th, 50th and 61st cruises, the East Pacific Ecological Environmental Monitoring Protection Project--Baseline and Hotspot Research on Marine Chemistry and Sedimentary Environment in the CC area of the East Pacific, Demonstration and Application Study of Heavy Metal Pollution Monitoring and Risk Assessment Technology in Offshore Area, Study and Application of Radioactive Risk Assessment and Management Technology in Adjacent Sea Area of Nuclear Power, Western Pacific Marine Environment Monitoring and Early Warning System Construction Project and the Antarctic and Arctic Marine Radioactive Tracer Research, the Blue Bay Regulation Project; Xiamen Marine Debris Monitoring, Assessment and Prevention and Control Operational Research Project, Southern Ocean Center Project; Xiamen Bay Red Tide Disaster Emergency Monitoring and Early Warning Management Decision-making Platform, Ministry of Science and Technology Key Research and Development Project; Fishery Waters Environmental Monitoring Equipment and Early Warning Technology. The study areas include China offshore waters (such as the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, east China Sea and south China Sea), oceans (such as the Western Pacific, Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean), and the North and South Poles. Important findings have been published in Water Research, Environmental Pollution, Journal of Geophysical Research, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, Chemosphere, and Science of the Total Environment. The laboratory has won a series of awards, including the First Prize for Scientific and Technological Progress in 2008 National Standard, Marine Survey Code (GBT 12763.4-2007); In 2009, the preliminary establishment of indicators for the assessment of combined pollution of POPs and heavy metals in the marine environment was awarded the Second Prize of the State Oceanic Administration for scientific and technological progress, in June 2016, the Working Committee of the Municipal Committee of the CPC Xiamen Municipal Committee awarded the title of Advanced grass-roots Party Organization, in September 2016, the Xiamen Federation of Trade Unions awarded the title of Worker Pioneer.

National Technical Support Center for Nuclear Emergency Marine Radiation Monitoring

Platform for marine radioactivity measurement

Hosting the IAEA International Training Course on methods for marine radioactivity analysis